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Glycoside Hydrolases

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Overview

Glycoside hydrolases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of the glycosidic linkage of glycosides, leading to the formation of a simple sugar and the corresponding alglycon. Glycoside hydrolases are also referred to as glycosidases. Glycoside hydrolases are known that can catalyze the hydrolysis of O-, N- and S-linked glycosides.

Classification

Glycoside hydrolases can be classified in many different ways. The following paragraphs list several different ways, the utility of which depends on the context in which the classification is made and used.

exo- and endo- refers to the ability of a glycoside hydrolase to cleave a substrate at the end (most frequently, but not always the non-reducing end) or within the middle of a chain. For example, most cellulases are endo-acting, whereas LacZ β-galactosidase from E. coli is exo-acting.

Mechanism

Sequence-based classification

Glycoside Hydrolase Firsts

First sterochemistry determination
Cite some reference here, with a short explanation [1].
First catalytic nucleophile identification
First general acid/base residue identification
First 3-D structure

References

  1. Comfort DA, Bobrov KS, Ivanen DR, Shabalin KA, Harris JM, Kulminskaya AA, Brumer H, and Kelly RM. (2007). Biochemical analysis of Thermotoga maritima GH36 alpha-galactosidase (TmGalA) confirms the mechanistic commonality of clan GH-D glycoside hydrolases. Biochemistry. 2007;46(11):3319-30. DOI:10.1021/bi061521n | PubMed ID:17323919 [1]

[[Category:Glycoside Hydrolase Families]]